In this world, there are an immensely large number of creatures and amongst them which humans hold the majority. To make things more interesting few animals and insects that are living around us can be useful such as tapeworms, as well as dangerous, like a venomous spider. There are pretty good chances that we might encounter the dangerous venom of some of these at some point in our lives. So let's take a look at them and more importantly the CURE for such bites.
1. BOX JELLYFISH
LIVES IN: Water only.
TYPE: Invertebrates (Marine)
OVERVIEW: This type of jellyfish is cube shaped mostly found in deep seas of Australia and is labeled as World's most dangerous and venomous creature. It has around 15 tentacles that can inject humans with its millions of nematocysts. It majorly affects the nervous system and heart. The painful part is, the sting causes extreme pain, shock, paralysis etc.It has caused over 5k deaths in around 60 years. The places that these jellyfish exists are around Asia and Australia.
REMEDY: The effect of the sting depends on the severity. So if the venom is deeply injected, then chances of surviving are nil. But the precautions are better like wearing pantyhose. If the sting has a cure then it's only vinegar which should be applied within minutes of the attack.
2. KING COBRA
LIVES IN: Land, Trees. Very rarely in water
OVERVIEW: Everyone is skeptical about snakes but truly they don't have any intentions to hurt unless they are threatened. This snake King Cobra proudly holds the fort in the place of the most dangerous snake in the world. The major reason being the amount of neurotoxin they can deliver in a single bite. They raise immediately and attack the threateners.
REMEDY: The best remedy till date is the antivenins (Antivenom) of Australian tiger snake and Thai red cross king cobra. It's better to admit the victims immediately to the hospital.
3. DEATH STALKER SCORPION
LIVES IN: Land (mostly desert)
OVERVIEW: Scorpions are neither insects nor a reptile. They are not considered life threatening to humans, but this scorpion proves to be a lethal one. The DeathStalker is majorly found in the Middle East and North Africa due to its warm climate. The venom of this scorpion is more than enough to prove its deadly to humans. It contains loads of neurotoxins, a significant amount of cardiotoxins and causes unbearable pain to the victim. This scorpion doesn't have good vision in spite of having many eyes, but they rely on the vibrations.
REMEDY: It's highly essential to take medications as soon as the scorpion stings, but the good thing being, they can't kill a healthy adult. The younger ones or aged ones having a heart-related disease are at a major risk.
4. MARBLED CONE SNAIL
LIVES IN: Water
TYPE: Invertebrates (Aquatic)
OVERVIEW: The Marbled Cone snail is majorly found in Indian and Pacific Oceans. This snail might look beautiful and weird in shape, but that's what attracts the swimmers those who like to pick and do stuff with it. This is where the Marbled Cone Snail injects the venom to those who handle it in the form of a "Harpoon" which literally is a sharp arrow. Te venom after entering the body, quickly goes after the nervous system, causing paralysis to lips, diaphragm muscles and causes suffocation. The after effects includes nausea, vomiting, and even coma. Its venom is said to be enough to kill 20 healthy adults. That's awkward right?!!
REMEDY: There are currently only precautionary measures such as wearing a durable suit and no anti-venom is found till date.
5. BLUE RINGED OCTOPUS
LIVES IN: Water
TYPE: Invertebrates (Aquatic)
OVERVIEW: Blue-ringed Octopus is the smallest in their family sizing just like a golf ball, but judging anything by its size is complete madness. This proves to be right in the case of this octopus as its venom is enough to kill around 25 healthy grownups. The tetrodotoxin which is produced by the bacteria in its air gasps. I can cause immediate respiratory failure and later to death. These octopuses are mostly found in tide pools in the regions of Japan, Pacific Ocean, Australia etc.
REMEDY: The victim will need a supportive care involving endotracheal intubation. Unfortunately, there is no specific antivenom for their bite.
6. INLAND TAIPAN
LIVES IN: Land
OVERVIEW: Inland Taipan also known as Fierce Snake is majorly found in desert and drylands that receive very low rainfall and in places such as Australia. It's credited as the most venomous snake, thanks to its extremely neurotoxic venom that can kill a maximum of 100 grown adults. Yup, it's deadly to the core!! The venom in comparison is 200 times more venomous than a common snake. Just 45 minutes is what it all takes to kill an adult. The major components of its venom are neurotoxins, hemotoxins, mycotoxins, nephrotoxins etc.
REMEDY: Fortunately, these snakes are very shy and try to avoid contact with humans. All bites reported were treated with antivenom such as "taipan antivenom" which has been produced from Australian Reptile Park.
7. POISON DART FROG
LIVES IN: Land, rarely in or near water
OVERVIEW: Poison dart frogs live in spectacularly unique colors and designs on their skin that makes them very attractive, but those who wish to touch or take a selfie with it by holding it might end up with fatal consequences. They possess batrachotoxin in their glands which are more than enough to kill a healthy human or any other living being. Just small amount of its toxin (about 0.002 mg) is adequate to do the job. That's just effortless right!! They possess their poison on their skin, so considering for your meal is not a good option at all, and staying away from it is far better.
REMEDY: There is no specific antivenom for batrachotoxin, but either tetrodotoxin or saxitoxin might prevent adverse effects caused by the venom.
8. BRAZILIAN WANDERING SPIDER
LIVES IN: Land (in dark areas)
OVERVIEW: The spiders are in generally not highly dangerous, but this one is for sure. Found in the major parts of South America (mainly in Amazon forest, contains the most potent neurotoxic venom that a spider can have. Also called as banana spiders, they prefer dark places such as boots, corners, garage spots etc. The male victims experience a painful erection that sustains for about four hours and also tissue necrosis. The aftereffects of the bite range from high blood pressure, nausea, goosebumps, burning sensation, vertigo etc.
REMEDY: If the severity of the bite is high then the victim must immediately intake antivenom or suitable injection to have any chances of surviving. The victim must lie down immediately to prevent the spreading of venom whole throughout the body.
9. PUFFER FISH
LIVES IN: Water
TYPE: Vertebrates (Marine)
OVERVIEW: Fish, in general, are tasty dishes that savors many all around the world. The puffer fish is no exception as it costs around 200$ to taste that dish. It's true because of the difficulty involved in catching and cooking the fish. Only licensed fugu Chefs are allowed to prepare it as it contains deadly venom in its skin. The carelessness involved while fishing it are a major way that it attacks. It's mostly found in China, Japan, Korea etc. The effects of the venom are suffocation, paralysis of diaphragm muscles, rapid heart rate, dizziness etc.
REMEDY: The person, if vomiting must be turned to his side to make them feel better. The artificial respirations are some of the other options until a medication could be done.
10. KOMODO DRAGON
LIVES IN: Land
OVERVIEW: Komodo Dragons (largely sized lizards) lives in the southeastern Indonesia and is a venomous mammal. It spits a toxic venom, but it kills the prey even before the venom is used. It's a carnivore and eats any living beings including humans. Their venom contains a toxic bacteria that exaggerate blood loss and largely the physical damage caused by the bite, rather than a chemical action due to its venom.
REMEDY: More than a remedy, it's a precaution that is required, because it attacks mainly by biting and tearing apart the flesh rather than injecting the venom.